How Do You Troubleshoot “config.status: error: Something went wrong bootstrapping makefile fragments”?

Problem scenario
You run this command: sudo ./configure –prefix=/usr/local

But you see this:

config.status: error: in `/usr/bin/make-4.3′:
config.status: error: Something went wrong bootstrapping makefile fragments
for automatic dependency tracking. Try re-running configure with the
‘–disable-dependency-tracking’ option to at least be able to build
the package (albeit without support for automatic dependency tracking).

What should you do?

Run this: sudo bash

 » Read more..

How Do You Write a JSON File to Extract the Value of a Given Key in a JSON File?

Problem scenario
You want to print the value of a given non-nested key in a JSON value. How can Python help you achieve this?

Here is an illustrative example. Create a file called with the following lines of code:

import json
with open(“second.json”, “r”) as reading_content:
i =
j = json.loads(i)

Have the JSON file look like this:

cat first.json

{“bird”: {“name”: “singy”,  » Read more..

What Is the Syntax for Viewing ec2_instance_info Return Values in Ansible?

Problem scenario
You read about a supported data type (defined keys) in Ansible playbooks related to EC-2 servers in AWS. How do you view this data?


  1. Have a playbook (.yaml file) with the following syntax:

region: us-west-1
register: vara

  1. Refer to vara as a variable. Here is an example of how to see it:

msg: “{{ item.instance_id }}”
loop: “{{ vara.instances }}”

 » Read more..

How Do You Get Python to Search a Web Page for a Specific Pattern?

Problem scenario
How do you write a Python 3 program to parse the text of a web page and determine if a string is on the web page or not?

Change the “yoururl” variable assignment and the “searchterm” assignment below to what you desire. Then run the program below:

import re
import requests
yoururl = ‘’
searchterm = “learned”
r = requests.get(yoururl)
found =,  » Read more..

How Do You Get xargs to Execute Rather Than Print a Command?

Problem Scenario
You are writing a Bash command to craft AWS CLI commands. But the commands are not running with your xargs command. You created something like this:

aws s3 ls s3://bucketname/ | awk ‘{print “/usr/local/bin/aws s3 rm s3://bucketname/”$4}’ | xargs -L 1

But it merely displays the well-crafted AWS CLI commands. You want the commands to execute.

You tried a variation but received “xargs: awscli: No such file or directory.”

What should you do?

 » Read more..

How Do You Unhighlight Text in Mac’s TextEdit program?

Problem scenario
You are using a Mac and modifying text with TextEdit. Some text you copied is highlighted. How do you unhighlight the text?

Highlight the text that is highlighted with the mouse. There should be two pallettes at the top of the TextEdit application. These are solid-color rectangular icons to the right of the font size and to the left of the BIU (bold,

 » Read more..

How Do You Troubleshoot the CloudWatch Command Line Error “no outputs found, did you provide a valid config file”?

Problem scenario
You think your amazon-cloudwatch-agent.toml file has been misconfigured. You run “amazon-cloudwatch-agent-ctl” but you get an error about “no outputs found, did you provide a valid config file.” What should you do about this error?


  1. Use amazon-cloudwatch-agent-config-wizard to create the configuration file. From the command line it will walk you through step-by-step directions in text.
  2. Assuming the default configuration has been saved as “AmazonCloudWatch-linux” (based on how you responded above),

 » Read more..

Does Automation Subsume DevOps or Does DevOps Subsume Automation?

Is automation bigger than DevOps?

We think that the canonical answer is yes, automation subsumes DevOps. Some professionals think in terms of automation, and automation existed before DevOps was a word. It is well known that the Toyota Production System has influenced DevOps. Automation played a big role in the success of Sakichi Toyoda.

His “most famous invention was the automatic power loom [“a hand-operated or power-driven apparatus for weaving fabrics”,

 » Read more..

How Do You Create a Class That Is an Iterator in Python?

Problem scenario
You want to implement an object that is an iterator in Python. What do you do to implement iterator behavior in the class?

Run this program as an example:

class Computation:

def __init__(self, max = 0):
self.max = max

def __iter__(self):
self.n = 0
return self

def __next__(self):
if self.n <= self.max:
product = 2 * self.n
self.n += 1
return product

objecta = Computation(4) # The number must be 3 or greater if you want to print something other than “None” with this program.  » Read more..

How Do You Install the make Utility on Any Type of Linux?

Problem scenario
You want to install make on Linux. You want it to work on any type of Linux (e.g., Red Hat, Debian and SUSE derivatives). What should you do?


Install the C language compiler. If you need assistance, see this posting: How Do You Install a C Compiler on Linux?

Run this script:

a=$(which gcc)
echo $a” was found.”
echo “This will fail if no c compiler is installed.”
sleep 2
curl -L$version.tar.gz /tmp/make-$version.tar.gz
mv /tmp/make-4.3.tar.gz /usr/bin/
cd /usr/bin
tar xf make-$version.tar.gz
cd make-$version
./configure –prefix=/usr/local
rm make
rm /usr/bin/make
echo “Ignore a message like this:”
echo “rm: cannot remove ‘/usr/bin/make’: No such file or directory”
echo “That message can be safely disregarded.”
ln -s /usr/bin/make-$version/make /usr/bin/make  » Read more..