Why is Nevada County, California Shaped Like a Gun?

Problem Scenario
You look at a map of Nevada County, and it appears to be shaped like a gun. You were told it was due to anger over the State of Nevada "stealing" the name. Why is the County shaped like a derringer pistol?

It was not to get revenge against Nevada.

As of June 1, 1855, Nevada County did not have the northern protrusion (that could look like a hammer of a 19th century pistol). See this picture on the Brittanica website and notice the hammer on the pistol (not the map). But there was nothing called "Nevada" (no state and no territory) to the east to artistically "shoot."

The original name for Nevada was Washoe (according to BYU and findingnevadawild.com). The territory of Nevada was named in 1861 (see page 14 of this external PDF file). Nevada's statehood happened in 1864 (according to https://jic.nv.gov/About/History_of_Nevada/). The capitol of Nevada, Carson City, is in the Sierra Nevada mountain range. Nevada County was already in its current shape (or extremely close to its current shape) in the 1850s.

It would have been a great deal of work for Nevada County officials to coordinate boundaries with surrounding counties. The theory that the one-line drawing showing disapproval of a neighboring state collapses when there was no state named Nevada -- only a region named "Washoe." Other nearby California counties were shaped as rectangular blobs. The whole theory was based on stealing of a name. If the political boundary map was drawn up before the name "Nevada" was "stolen," then the political boundary map was drawn up for other reasons.

The map has a fairly large handle with a short handle. With the map of Nevada County, where is the trigger guard? There is none. Were the political boundaries of Amador County designed to look like a rifle with a butt-stock pointed at Nevada because Amador County anticipated the Washoe region to be named the state of "Amador"? The answer is self-explanatory. Here is a map of Amador County in 1859 (to see the rifle-like image). Did Nevada County, California take aim to the east at Nevada County, Arkansas? No, the Arkansas Nevada County started in 1871 according to www.arcounties.org.

The Sierra Nevadas (which are primarily in California, but a small portion is in modern-day Nevada) were named in 1776 (according to nevadaappeal.com). Nevada County, California became a county in 1851 (nationalmap.gov).

If this map of Nevada County is correct in 1859, then the cartographic "gun shape" revenge theory is wrong. Nothing to the east was named "Nevada" as far as we can tell (besides some of the Sierra Nevada mountain range).

The boundaries of Nevada County, based on the randymajors.org website, were [at least substantially] finalized in 1856, before the Territory of Nevada existed. (Apparently there may have been boundaries between Sierra County and Nevada County that changed in the early 1870s according to casetext.com.)

Why would Nevada County have endeavored in its first six or seven years of existence to make sure it had political boundaries that could portray a one-line drawing of a gun pointed at some land that was not even an officially named territory? We believe randymajors.org is a reputable website. Did they go to great lengths to keep Nevada County's political boundaries because of its gun imagery? It is possible, but based on the randymajors.org website, we do not think it was intentionally designed to look like a gun.

A logical proof for this matter is as follows: there must have been something named "Nevada" to the east at the time the current shape of Nevada County was formed for the "get back at Nevada" motive. There was no official name of the Washoe region around mid 1856; in 1861 it would be called the Territory of Nevada, and in 1864 it would be called the State of Nevada. Therefore Nevada County was not shaped to look like a pistol any more than Amador County was shaped to look like a rifle.

Raising Health-Conscious Kids: Empowerment Strategies for Parents

Image by Freepik

Raising healthy children involves more than just ensuring they eat their greens and get enough sleep. It's about empowering them to make positive decisions that benefit their physical and mental well-being. This article shared with you below by raisethemwell.org will explore practical strategies to encourage your kids to adopt healthier habits.

Exploring Healthy Eating Options Together

One effective way to foster a love for healthful eating in your children is by involving them in the decision-making process. Next time you're planning meals, ask your children what healthful foods they’re curious about or might enjoy. Whether it's choosing vegetables at the grocery store or picking a new fruit to try each week, making them part of these decisions can increase their interest in what they eat. This involvement not only educates them about nutrition but also makes them feel valued and heard.

Positive Reinforcement for Healthy Choices

When your child makes a healthful choice, whether it’s opting for water over soda or spending less time on electronic devices, giving positive feedback is crucial. Acknowledge their good decisions with supportive comments and rewards that promote further healthful actions. This reinforcement helps build their self-esteem and encourages them to continue making health-conscious choices. It’s about creating an environment where healthy behaviors are celebrated and thus more likely to be repeated.

The Role of Education in Future Aspirations

The role of education in shaping future aspirations cannot be understated. Particularly, nursing masters degrees can satisfy mandatory governmental licensing requirements of jobs in healthcare.  Online degrees pursued in the privacy of your home can enhance your knowledge. Engaging children in conversations about such possibilities not only broadens their horizons but also emphasizes the practical applications of continued learning. If you are contemplating further education, sharing your goals and reasons can serve as a powerful example to your children. It illustrates how lifelong learning can lead to personal and professional fulfillment.  It can be helpful to a child or an adult’s self-esteem to pursue self-study or informal learning.  Encouraging this perspective helps instill the value of education and its impact on reaching one's aspirations.

Enriching Mealtime with Nutritious Foods

Introducing more nutritious foods into your family's diet doesn't have to be a chore. Start by incorporating one new healthy food into each meal, whether it's adding spinach to smoothies or using whole-grain pasta for dinner. Discuss the benefits of these foods with your children, such as how they help grow strong bones or improve concentration. This education can make mealtime both fun and informative, helping children to understand the value of what they eat and develop a lifelong appreciation for nutrition.

Discovering Enjoyable Activities

Encouraging your child to stay active is key to their overall health. Help them find a physical activity they love, whether it’s a sport like soccer or a creative outlet like theater. Activities should not only promote physical health but also cater to their interests, ensuring they are engaged and motivated. This approach helps children associate exercise with fun rather than viewing it as a chore, fostering a natural integration of activity into their daily routine.

Fostering Body Positivity Amid Media Influence

It's important to talk with your children about the unrealistic body types often idealized in the media. Encourage open discussions about body positivity and the diversity of body shapes and sizes. Highlight the importance of health over appearance and help them build confidence in their own bodies. By addressing these media images critically, you can help your child develop a healthier self-image and resilience against negative societal pressures. Homeschool is great for anyone – especially children with eating disorders.

Empowering your children to make healthy choices is a multifaceted approach that involves nurturing their curiosity about food, praising their healthy behaviors, and incorporating fun physical activities into their routines. By discussing the influences of media and emphasizing the importance of education, you can equip them with the knowledge and skills to lead a balanced and fulfilling life. Use these strategies to guide your children toward making informed decisions that enhance their health and well-being.

This article was brought to you by raisethemwell.org; this article does not necessarily reflect the opinions of continualintegration.com or its sponsors.

How Do You Send ETH from Trezor when You See “Transaction signing error: INTERNAL_ERROR: nonce too low”?

Problem scenario
You want to send ETH. In the Trezor application you see "Transaction signing error: INTERNAL_ERROR: nonce too low." How do you send ETH or make the nonce higher?

Close out of the Trezor app. Reopen it. It may work now.

How Do You Send ETH from Trezor when You See “Replace Transaction” as the Final Button?

Problem scenario
In the Trezor application you see "Replace Transaction." There was no previous transaction to "replace." How do you send ETH?

Close out of the Trezor app. Reopen it. Next time you should see "Send" (instead of "Replace Transaction").

Why Did Richard Henry Lee Not Write the Declaration of Independence?

Problem scenario
After Richard Henry Lee made the "Lee Resolution," on June 6, 1776, he went back to Virginia. He would have been on the Committee to draft the Declaration of Independence had he stayed (page 305 of Thomas Paine, The Author of the Declaration of Independence). Why Did Richard Henry Lee leave the Continental Congress temporarily in June of 1776?

His wife was ill (per ushistory.org and page 294 of Thomas Paine, The Author of the Declaration of Independence). She would live on, and she had more children in the 1780s, and died in 1796 per wikitree.com.

Who Was Cato in the American Revolution?

Problem Scenario
You have read about Cato being someone named Reverend William Smith (a fervent loyalist) while George Washington had an affinity for Cato. Who was Cato in the context of the American Revolution?

There were different Catoes. There needs to be a disambiguation of "Cato."

George Washington's favorite play was Cato by Joseph Addison.

Addison's play is a dramatization of the last days of … Cato (95-46 BCE), who for Addison served as an exemplar of republican virtue and opposition to tyranny.


Cato was separately a pseudonym of Reverend William Smith who objurgated Common Sense (written by Thomas Paine). To read more about William Smith, a Tory and opponent of the patriotic cause of liberty, and his usage of the alias "Cato", see this Gutenberg.org page. Apparently Thomas Paine wrote what are called "the Forester Letters" to rebut William Smith's "Cato" message (according to www.sethkaller.com).

To read more about the Roman Cato in real life (not just the play), see Brittanica.com.

To read about Cato's Letters written in the early 1700s by men named John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon, you can read a Wikipedia article or an article from the National Constitution Center on them.

Where did the Cato Institute take its name from? The letters that were written by John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon. The source is the first 10 seconds of this video.

Why Did Joseph Lewis Claim That Richard Henry Lee Received a Letter in 1825?

Problem scenario
In Thomas Paine, the Author of the Declaration of Independence, on page 305, it says "In a letter to Richard Henry Lee, in 1825, he [Thomas Jefferson] makes one significant statement…" Richard Henry Lee died in the 1700s. Was Jefferson losing it and writing to someone who died roughly 30 years prior?

Apparently this was a mistake of the book. Joseph Lewis seems to have confused "Henry Lee" with "Richard Henry Lee." See the Monticello website.

What Was the Free System of English Laws Referred to in The Declaration of Independence?

Problem scenario
You read the Declaration of Independence. One part refers to the free system of English laws. What are those laws?

Those laws were English common law. The Quebec Act of 1774 reversed the prevailing common law (also known as the "free system of English laws") and set forth governance by French civil law for non-criminal activity (according to Brittanica.com).

Many American colonists viewed the act as a measure of coercion.


How To Communicate Technical Concepts Understandably

Image via Freepik

The gap between complex technical expertise and the understanding of those outside the IT sphere poses a significant challenge. Tackling this dilemma demands more than just a comprehensive grasp of IT principles; it necessitates the skill to express these concepts in a universally comprehensible manner. In this article from raisethemwell.org, we aim to unveil practical strategies that IT professionals can utilize to effectively communicate their achievements to non-technical audiences.

Simplify Language

Start by reducing the use of jargon, which can alienate and confuse non-technical listeners/readers. Instead, break down complex terms into simpler, more relatable language. This approach ensures that your communication is digestible and doesn't exclude those unfamiliar with IT terminology. For instance, comparing a network firewall to a bouncer at a club can help illustrate its purpose in controlling access to a network.

Tailor Message to Audience

Consider the background and interests of your audience before crafting your message. This sensitivity allows you to customize the content, ensuring it resonates with their level of understanding and preferences. Adjusting your communication style to fit the audience’s profile demonstrates respect for their knowledge base and fosters a more meaningful connection.

Make Technical Concepts Relatable

Employ everyday experiences as a bridge to explain complex IT concepts. By drawing on familiar scenarios, such as comparing cloud storage to a digital filing cabinet, you can demystify technical processes. This method of using analogies and metaphors transforms abstract ideas into concrete, understandable terms, making the technical information accessible to everyone.

Leverage an AI Summarizer

Taking advantage of an AI PDF summarizer can greatly simplify the process of reviewing complex technical documents. This tool can efficiently extract and condense key points, presenting the relevant information in a more concise, easy-to-understand manner. By using an AI summarizer, you save valuable time and ensure that you grasp the essential aspects without getting bogged down in argot. If you're looking to streamline your document review process, consider this option to enhance your productivity and comprehension.

Utilize Visual Aids

Incorporating charts, graphs, and diagrams can effectively simplify complex data, making it more accessible and easier to comprehend. By utilizing visual representations, intricate processes and concepts can be elucidated, offering a clearer understanding of the subject matter. It is crucial to ensure that these visuals are intuitive, designed to enhance understanding rather than complicate it. Properly implemented, these aids can transform a dense data set or a complex process into an engaging, informative experience without overwhelming the viewer.

Craft Narrative Stories

Craft your IT accomplishments into engaging narratives, each with a clear start, development, and conclusion. Illustrating technical projects as tales that unfold challenges, strategies, and results not only captures your audience’s interest but ensures the details stick with them. This technique enriches the delivery of complex IT achievements, embedding them deeply in the listeners' minds. It turns the sharing of technical projects into an absorbing tale, making every element of the narrative linger with the audience long after the story has been told.

Utilize Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)

Highlight the success of projects through key performance indicators and metrics that resonate with non-technical stakeholders. By connecting these outcomes with the broader organizational goals, you underscore the impact and value of your work. This strategy ensures that stakeholders understand the significance of IT projects beyond the technical details.

Capitalize on effective communication techniques to highlight your contributions as an open-source contributor or an IT professional. Through strategies such as simplifying language, tailoring messages to the audience, and employing visual aids, you can bridge the gap between technical and non-technical stakeholders. Additionally, investing in continual education, such as with personal learning projects, certifications, or possibly online IT degrees, not only boosts your technical prowess but also enhances your ability to articulate complex ideas in accessible ways.

This article was brought to you by raisethemwell.org; this article does not necessarily reflect the opinions of continualintegration.com or its sponsors.

Why Does The Strongest Shall Survive by Bill Starr Advise Against Doing Deadlifts?

Problem scenario
You read in the book The Strongest Shall Survive by Bill Starr that deadlifts do not need to be part of a workout routine (or strength building program). Why is this?

Apparently it is geared toward football conditioning, and it was minimalistic to emphasize other lifts/exercises. (To read more, see this external posting.)

This is a rare but influential book. Many modern barbell programs include deadlifts.