What Does the Number “2” in a man Command Mean?

Normally when you use the man page, you just type man nameofcommand. But you have seen integer numbers between 1 and 9 (inclusive) between the "man" and the command's name. What do those numbers signify?

This legend was taken from "man man" on a Linux server:

   1   Executable programs or shell commands
   2   System calls (functions provided by the kernel)
   3   Library calls (functions within program libraries)
   4   Special files (usually found in /dev)
   5   File formats and conventions eg /etc/passwd
   6   Games
   7   Miscellaneous (including macro packages and conventions), e.g. man(7), groff(7)
   8   System administration commands (usually only for root)
   9   Kernel routines [Non standard]

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